If you have obtained a job or have received a job offer, you may be eligible to live and work in the USA. Most employment petitions require a job offer and require that the employer petition for the worker.
As with family visa applications, Green Cards through a Job Offer are subject to annual quotas for certain categories according to preference categories; each country also has a set allotment of available visa slots. The wait time for processing employment based visa applications frequently stretches into many years. For example, work permit visa preference categories are limited to 140,000 per year. As of March 2012, there are 234,000 pending applications for employment based Green Cards.
- First Preference: Priority Workers (e.g. outstanding professors and researchers, certain multinational executives and managers)
- Second Preference: Advanced Degreed Professionals (including individuals seeking a National Interest Waiver)
- Third Preference: Skilled Workers (professionals and other qualified workers)
- Fourth Preference: Special Immigrants (e.g. religious workers)
- Fifth Preference: Employment Creators (investors or entrepreneurs)
Most employers petition for an employee using Form I-140, Petition for Alien Worker. You may apply for an Employment Authorization Document (EAD) by completing Form I-765, Application for Employment Authorization, if you have received an offer of work from an American employer. The EAD allows you to work legally in the United States for 12 months even without a Green Card and can be renewed if you are still working for an eligible employer.
If You Are Living Outside the United States, you can become a permanent resident through consular processing. Consular processing is when USCIS works with the Department of State to issue a visa on an approved Form I-140 petition when a visa is available.
If You Are Living in the United States, you can become a permanent resident through adjustment of status when living inside the United States. Once the I-140 is approved and a visa number is available, you can apply on Form I-485, Application to Register Permanent Residence or Adjust Status, to become a permanent resident.
- Copy of Form 1-94 Arrival Departure Record (front and back)
- Job offer letter from your employer
- Copy of Prior EAD, if issued (front and back) OR a copy of your passport, birth certificate or comparable document (showing name, date of birth and photo)
- Two (2) identical color photos meeting photograph requirements ( taken within 30 days of your application date)
- Form G-325A, Biographic Data Sheet (for applicants between the ages of 14 and 79)
- Form I-693, Medical Examination (not required if you are applying based on continuous residence since before 1972, or if you have had a medical exam based on a fiancÃ© visa)
- Form I-864, Affidavit of Support (completed by the sponsor - This requirement will not apply to you if you are adjusting based on employment petition unless you or a relative own a percentage of the employer company)
Exchange Visitor Visa
Certain categories of individuals, such as au pairs and students from certain countries participating in pilot summer job programs may qualify for an Exchange Visitor Visa. Visitors traveling to the United States under the Exchange Visitor Visa cannot participate in the VWP. You may bring your spouse or dependent children along with you, however, you must also apply for an EAD if you wish to work while you are in the United States. The Exchange Visitor Visa is valid for the length of your employment or program. You must submit the following documentation to be eligible for an Exchange Visitor Visa.
- Valid passport
- One (1) 2x2 photograph meeting photograph requirements.
- DS 2019, Certificate of Eligibility for Exchange Visitor Status (generated by SEVIS)
- A Training/Internship Placement Plan, Form DS-7002
- Online Nonimmigrant Visa Electronic Application, Form DS-160
Temporary Worker Visa
You may also qualify for a temporary worker visa if you are an artist, athlete or entertainer, a researcher, a seasonal worker, participating in a cultural exchange program, or possess extraordinary talent in business, science or the arts.
If you are the spouse or dependent child of a worker assigned to the United States for diplomatic work, you may be eligible to work legally while you are in this country if your home country has a Bilateral Work Agreement or a de facto Work Arrangement with the United States.