A student visa is one of the most solicited type of documentation for students wishing to study, do research, or participate in a government-approved program in Spain. This is required for a stay of over 90 for most citizens of countries outside the EU. This process can take anywhere from two weeks to several months to complete.
Each foreign resident in Spain is required to register for a número de idientificación de extranjero, known colloquially as a NIE (knee-yay) and translated as a Foreigner Identification Number. This number is used to all transactions, including opening a bank account, registering in the social security system and of course working legally.
Residence is open to any European Union resident or European Economic Area resident and their families. For applicants who do not meet these criteria, a residence permit is required for stays of over 90 days for those wishing to work or own property.