Application for the issuance of a Maltese ID Card are applicable to Maltese citizens only. However, a Maltese Residence Card is also often colloquially referred to as a Maltese ID card. If you intend to reside in Malta for longer than three months as a foreigner, you're required to get an e-Residence card that is issued by Identity Malta.
Before you apply for a Maltese ID card (aka Maltese Residence Card), you will first need to complete several steps, such as settling a residential address (for example a lease agreement or the contract of sale) and registering for Jobsplus (confirmation letter from the government-funded public employment agency).
If you are a temporary resident in Malta (ie you have lived in Malta for less than 5 years)you need to bring to your appointment:
EU, EEA, Swiss national, and their family members can send their request to register their residence or renew their residence document to firstname.lastname@example.org.
Family members of non-EU nationals and applicants for temporary residence permits may send their request for a new application or renewal to email@example.com.
If you have lived in Malta for 5 years continuously you can apply for permanent residence status, and you need to submit the documents on page 3, Section B. You need to read the letter carefully and follow the instructions.
NB: If you are already a registered resident, Identity Malta Agency will write to you with an appointment at your local Identity Malta office to apply for the card. The letter will include an application form you will need to complete in person at your Identity Malta Agency at Valley Rd, Msida or St Francis Square, Victoria, Gozo. It also includes information on page 3, section A on what documents you need to take with you to your appointment.
To apply for permanent residency you need to provide:
You'll need to provide proof that you've been living in Malta for the last 5 years (work contracts, self-employment tax documents or Jobsplus forms, bank statements, rental contracts, etc).
An ID card is valid for 5 years. You must renew it at least 3 months before the expiry date (otherwise it's like a new application and you'll have to send all your documents again). To renew your ID card, you need to present your old ID card and fill the form ID 1A.
The e-ID Card is an identification (link to your email) that you receive when you register for an ID Card, and it allows you to access online income tax information.
UPDATE 11 May 2021: Due to COVID-19, Identity Malta has amended rules to apply for residencey. The Maltese Government's decision not to issue new residence permits except for highly skilled workers (Key Employee Initiative) and healthcare professionals still holds until further notice. New single permit applications for highly skilled workers (Key Employee Initiative) and healthcare professionals, renewals and change in jobs should be submitted online (https://singlepermit.gov.mt/), once the employer has successfully registered for the online application service. More information in Identity Malta website.